A brief review on titanium alloy for dental, biotechnology and biomedical applications

Document Type : English


1 Department of Biomedical Engineering, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran

2 Department of Biomedical Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Dental Students Research Center, School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

4 Biotechnology Department, Falavarjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan Iran

5 Faculty of Biomechanics, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran


Titanium (Ti) used for various application due to its light, durable and polished silver-white element. Titanium has two forms of allotropy called rutile and anatase, due to white color, slow-melting point in uniform distribution and diffusion in other compounds. It is known for making paper, plastics, rubber and various other materials. Therefore, regarding its use and high application in this paper we reviewed the conventional and advance application of Ti sheet. The presence of small amounts of impurities such as nitrogen, carbon and hydrogen in which are soluble in the metal, causes the mineral fragility of the metal and prevents its commercial exploitation. The purpose of this study is to introduce and application of titanium in various industries. The main use of titanium in the industry is in the form of metal and titanium dioxide nanoparticles, the use of metal is not used much due to problems in its preparation and purification, but instead, the use of oxide in the form of TiO2 is widely used in industry. Therefore, 90% of the primary industries are consuming titanium oxide. The human body easily accepts titanium because it has been proven to be more biocompatible than stainless steel or cobalt chromium (CoCr). In addition, titanium has a higher fatigue strength than many other metals which helps to transform it as a desired material in orthopedic and dentistry applications.