Da Vincil. L., Fracture Mechanic, Bibilioteca Ambrosiana, 1894, 54.
Galilei G., Dialogues concerning two new sciences, Evanston, University of Illinois Press, 35-78.
Griffith A.A., The phenomena of Ruture and Flow In Solid, Phil Trans. Royal Soc.,221, 1921, Pp 163-167.
 Anderson T.L, Fracture Mechanics, CRC Press 1994.
 Inglis C.E., Stresses In A Plate Due To The Presence Of Cracks And Sharp Corners, Transactions of The Institute of Naval-Architects, 55, 1913, pp.219-241
Irwin G.R., Fracture Dynamics, fracture of metals, American society for metals, Cleveland, 1948 , pp.147-166.
Orowan E., Fracture of solids, reports on progress in physics, Vol. XII., 1948, pp.185-232.
Mott N.F., Fracture of Metals: Theoretical Considerations, Engineering, 165, 1948, pp.16-18.
Irwin G.E., Onset of fast crack propagation in high strength steel and aluminum alloys, sagamore research conference proceeding, 2, 1956, pp. 289-305.
Westergaard H.M., Bearing pressures and cracks, journal of applied mechanics, 6,1939, pp. 49-53.
Irwin G.R., Fracture Dynamics, fracture of metals, American society for metals, 1948, , pp.147-166.
Williams M.L., On the stress distribution at the base of a stationary crack, journal of applied mechanics, 24, 1957, pp.109-114.
Wells A.A., The condition of fast fracture in aluminul alloys wiyh particular reference to comet failures, British welding research association report, April 1955, pp. 76.
Winne D.H., Wundt B.M. Application of the Griffith-Irwin theory of crack propagation to the bursting behavior of disks, including analytical and experimental studies, Transactions of the American society of mechanical engineers, 80, 1958, pp. 1643-1655.
 Paris P.C., A rational analytic theory of fatigue”, The trend in engineering, vol. 13, 1961, pp. 9-14.
 Wells A.A., Unstable crack propagation in metals: cleavage and fast fracture. Proc Crack Propagation Symposium, 1, 1961, pp.84.
 Rice JR, Rosengren GF, Plane strain deformation near a crack tip in a power law hardening materials. Journal of Mechanical Physic Solids, 16,1968, pp. 1–12.
Oliver J., Continuum Modeling of Strong Discontinuities in Mechanics, International journal for numerical methods in engineering 17, 1995, pp. 49-61.
Rashid MM., The Arbitrary local mesh refinement method, An computer method in applied Mechanics and Engineering, 5, 1995, pp.45-58.
Moes N., Dolbow J., Belytschko T., A finite element method for crack growth without re-